Classroom management strategies are universal practices that support all students. These practices help to build a sense of community and foster relationships between teachers and students and among students. Effective classroom management strategies help to prevent student misbehavior and missed instructional time due to exclusionary disciplinary practices such as out-of-school suspensions. Proactive, preventative strategies teach and reinforce positive student behavior.
• Welcome students to class by name and encourage classmates to greet each other.
• Call or send positive notes home to acknowledge positive behavior.
• Learn about students’ interests, families and accomplishments outside of school.
• Build positive relationships among students by providing opportunities for students to work in groups.
• Empower students to take an active role in the classroom through helping teaching staff and other students with tasks.
• Use and reinforce language that is gender neutral and free of bias.
• Select curricular materials that reflect the cultures and life experiences of the students.
• Encourage and expect participation from all students.
• Hold high expectations for all students.
• Learn about and honor cultures that are represented in your classroom.
• Create and maintain data on student behavior.
• Use this data and student referral records to identify classroom management strategies that effectively support positive behavior and “hot spots” of inappropriate behavior.
• Examine data by:
− Time of day.
− Type of task.
− Day of the week.
− Time of year.
− The students who are involved.
• Make changes to “hot spots” and monitor data to evaluate the effectiveness of the change.