Grade and Group Decisions

The following resources and tools will help readers make grade and group decisions.

Engage NY: Tri-State Quality Review Rubric and Rating Process ( This website provides links to criterion-based rubrics and review processes. Teachers can use these examples to evaluate the quality of lessons and units that address the Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts/Literacy.

Protocols for Examining Student Work (  is an online version of Chapter 3 of Lois Easton Brown’s book, Protocols for Professional Learning. Step-by-step protocols for examining student include the Tuning Protocol, Rounds Protocol, Vertical Slide Protocol, and Collaborative Assessment Conference Protocol.

Text-Dependent Questions: Using Evidence ( The Common Core State Standards expect students to use evidence from texts to present careful analyses, well-defended claims, and clear information. Student understanding can be assessed using text-dependent questions. On this page, teachers can find tools to help write and evaluate text-dependent questions, as well as a link to lesson materials with examples of text-dependent questions included.

ATLAS: Learning from Student Work ( This four- page protocol informs teachers about how students learn and think. This tool is based on the Assessment Communities of Teachers Project.

Academic Progress Montoring ( The National Center on Intensive Intervention offers this list of tools used to assess student performance, quantify the rate of student improvement or responsiveness to intervention, and evaluate the effectiveness of intervention. Psychometric Standards, Progress Monitoring Standards, and Data-based Individualization Standards include ratings on the technical rigor of the tools.

RtI Implementers Series: Progress Monitoring ( This second module in a three-module series, provides background knowledge on Response to Intervention (RtI) and in-depth information on the use of progress monitoring. It discusses using progress monitoring to improve student outcomes and to make decisions about instruction and interventions. It also covers how to develop guidance for the use of progress monitoring data and provides tools and resources to assist with progress monitoring.