Effective Core Instruction
During the Initial Implementation stage, students begin to receive the benefits of the training and coaching their teachers have received as well as their efforts to align instruction with standards. The delivery of instruction and its impact on student performance continues to be measured through improvement cycles. Instructional leaders work to ensure that curriculum and instruction are delivered as designed and intended. All staff work to minimize the differences between intended and delivered instruction. Newly developed or revised common assessments are administered for the first time.
Effective instructional delivery is characterized by six key elements:
  • Differentiation - The teacher uses multiple instructional materials, activities, strategies, and assessment techniques to meet students’ needs and to maximize learning for all students.
  • Variety - The teacher implements a variety of classroom techniques and strategies that enhance student motivation and decrease discipline problems.
  • Cognitive challenge - The teacher provides in-depth explanations of academic content and covers higher-order concepts and skills thoroughly.
  • Student engagement - The teacher is supportive and persistent in keeping students on task and encourages them to actively integrate new information with prior learning.
  • Recognizing patterns of student learning and adjusting - The teacher recognizes the schema or pattern in student learning, makes inferences about the situation (such as identifying the student’s difficulties), and promptly adjusts the materials, learning activities, and assessment techniques to maximize student learning.
  • Questioning - The teacher uses multiples levels of questioning (particularly higher cognitive levels) to stimulate student thinking and monitor student learning.