“Restrictive procedures” means the use of physical holding or seclusion of children with disabilities in an emergency in Minnesota schools. “Emergency” means a situation where immediate intervention is needed to protect a child or other individual from physical injury. Restrictive procedures must not be used to punish or otherwise discipline a child. Minnesota Statutes, sections 125A.0941 and 125A.0942, govern the use of restrictive procedures.
- “Physical holding” means physical intervention intended to hold a child immobile or limit a child’s movement, where body contact is the only source of physical restraint, and where immobilization is used to effectively gain control of a child in order to protect a child or other individual from physical injury. Physical holding may be used only in an emergency. Each time physical holding is used, the staff person who implements or oversees the physical holding must document its use. See Physical Holding Model form.
- “Prone restraint” means placing a student in a face down position. School districts may only use prone restraint in an emergency on children five years of age and older until August 1, 2015.
- Training. Prone restraint may only be applied by staff who have been specifically trained on the use of prone restraints, provided the district has submitted a list of trained staff to MDE, including information on the type of training that was provided and the trainer. See Prone Restraint Staff Training Reporting form.
- Each incident of the use of prone restraint must be reported to MDE within five working days, using the form provided by MDE. See Prone Restraint Reporting form.
- Before using prone restraints, the district must review any known medical or psychological limitations that contraindicate the use of prone restraints.
- Data reporting. MDE will collect data on districts’ use of prone restraint and publish the data on MDE’s website on a quarterly basis.
As set forth in Minnesota Statutes, section 125A.0942, Subdivision 3(b), by March 1, 2014, stakeholders must recommend to the commissioner specific and measurable implementation and outcome goals for reducing the use of restrictive procedures and the commissioner must submit to the legislature a report on districts' progress in reducing the use of restrictive procedures that recommends how to further reduce these procedures and eliminate the use of prone restraints.Minnesota Department of Human Resources: Positive Supports Community of Practice (PSCoP)
The (PSCoP) is dedicated to the transition from punitive and aversive practices to positive supports. The PSCoP live streams bi-monthly meetings, which provide technical assistance, training from experts, and updates on efforts to reduce punitive practices. View the Positive Support Community of Practice webpage
A Summary of Prone Restraint Data Reported by Districts - October 1, 2013 - December 31, 2013
Summary of data on the use of prone restraint for incidents that occurred in Minnesota public school districts between October 1, 2013, and December 31, 2013. The summary includes data regarding incidents of prone restraint, student demographics, and number of reporting districts.
Prone Restraint Staff Training Reporting Form
Prone restraint may only be used by staff who have received specific training on the use of prone restraints, provided the district has submitted to MDE a list of trained staff, including the type of training that was provided, and by whom. Submit this form through the Special Education Compliance Document Upload link.
Physical Holding Model Form
Each time physical holding is used, the staff person who implements or oversees the physical holding must document its use.
Prone Restraint Reporting Form
State statute requires that school districts use this form to report each incident of the use of prone restraint to MDE. Submit this form through the Special Education Compliance Document Upload link. Questions regarding this form may be directed to Pamela Hinze: 651-582-8518 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Prone Restraint Reporting Form - Instructions
This document provides technical assistance and guidance to individuals completing the Prone Restraint Reporting Form.
“Seclusion” means confining a child alone in a room from which egress is barred. Egress may be barred by an adult locking or closing the door in the room, or preventing the child from leaving the room. Seclusion may only be used in an emergency. Before using a room for seclusion, a school must: 1) receive written notice from local authorities that the room and the locking mechanisms comply with applicable building, fire, and safety codes; and 2) register the room with the Minnesota commissioner of education. (Minn. Stat. § 125A.0942, Subd. 3(a)(7)). See Seclusion Room - Registration Instructions and Seclusion Room Requirements. Documentation of the use of seclusion is required. See Seclusion - Model Form.