Capsule: Education for Children and Youth
Who are in Transition and Homeless
A micro-version of requirements for providing education to children and youth who are homeless
The McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act requires state and local education agencies to build awareness of the needs of children and youth who are homeless. Public schools, including charter schools, must provide services that remove barriers to enrollment, attendance and educational success of the students. Each child’s needs are to be assessed for his/her unique situation. When reauthorized by Congress, the education section of the McKinney-Vento Act was tied to No Child Left Behind, Title I A programming and funds. See end of text for statutory definition of homelessness.
Schools need to:
III. Use a Child-Centered Approach to Identify Student Needs.
1. Transportation (Most excess transportation costs can be reimbursed by state funds.)
4. Supportive services
The term "homeless children and youth"
(A) means individuals who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence and
(i) children and youths who are sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason; are living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, or camping grounds due to the lack of alternative adequate accommodations; are living in emergency or transitional shelters; are abandoned in hospitals; or are awaiting foster care placement;
(ii) children and youths who have a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings
(iii) children and youths who are living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations, or similar settings; and
(iv) migratory children who qualify as homeless for the purposes of this subtitle because the children are living in circumstances described in clauses (i) through (iii).
Excerpts of Title VII of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act, Subtitle B, reauthorized as No Child Left Behind Act, Title X, Part C.
Roberto Reyes – Specialist
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