Food Safety and Sanitation

Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) – Based

Standard Operating Procedure (SOP)

Washing Hands

(Sample SOP)

PURPOSE: To prevent foodborne illness by contaminated hands.

SCOPE: This procedure applies to anyone who handles, prepares and serves food.

KEYWORDS: Hand washing, Cross-Contamination


1. Train foodservice employees on using the procedures in this Standard Operating Procedure.

2. Follow state or local health department requirements.

3. Post hand washing signs or posters in a language understood by all foodservice staff near all hand washing sinks, in food preparation areas, and restrooms.

4. Use designated hand washing sinks for hand washing only. Do not use food preparation, utility, and dishwashing sinks for hand washing.

5. Provide warm running water, soap, and a means to dry hands. Provide a waste container at each hand washing sink or near the door in restrooms.

6. Hand washing sinks must be accessible anytime employees are present.

7. Wash hands:

• Before starting work.

• During food preparation.

• When moving from one food preparation area to another.

• Before putting on or changing gloves.

• After using the toilet.

• After sneezing, coughing, or using a handkerchief or tissue.

• After touching hair, face or body.

• After smoking, eating, drinking, or chewing gum or tobacco.

• After handling raw meats, poultry or fish.

• After any clean up activity such as sweeping, mopping or wiping counters.

• After touching dirty dishes, equipment or utensils.

• After handling trash.

• After handling money.

• After any time the hands may become contaminated.

8. Follow proper hand washing procedures as indicated below:

• Wet hands and forearms with warm, running water at least 100° F and apply soap.

• Scrub lathered hands and forearms, under fingernails, and between fingers for at least 10-15 seconds. Rinse thoroughly under warm running water for 5-10 seconds.

• Dry hands and forearms thoroughly with single-use paper towels.

• Turn off water using paper towels.

• Use paper towel to open door when exiting the restroom.

9. Follow FDA recommendations when using hand sanitizers. These recommendations are as follows:

• Use hand sanitizers only after hands have been properly washed and dried.

• Use only hand sanitizers that comply with the 2001 FDA Food Code. Confirm with the manufacturers that the hand sanitizers used meet these requirements.

• Use hand sanitizers in the manner specified by the manufacturer.


1. A designated employee will visually observe the hand washing practices of the foodservice staff during all hours of operation.

2. The designated employee will visually observe that hand washing sinks are properly supplied during all hours of operation.


1. Retrain any foodservice employee found not following the procedures in this Standard Operating Procedure.

2. Ask employees that are observed not washing their hands at the appropriate times or using the proper procedure to wash their hands immediately.

3. Retrain employee to ensure proper hand washing procedure.


The foodservice manager will complete the Food Safety Checklist daily to indicate that monitoring is being conducted as specified. The Food Safety Checklist is to be kept on file for a minimum of one year.